Francesca Bettio

Francesca Bettio is Adjunct Professor of Economics at the University of Siena, Italy where she has been teaching since 1991, becoming Full Professor in 2000.

She graduated from the University of Bologna and holds a Master of Science from the London School of Economics and a Ph.D. in economics from the University of Cambridge, UK. Her main areas of expertise are labor economics, population studies and gender economics. Her doctoral dissertation – which was published in English – offered the first economic account of women’s work and wages in Italy dating back to early industrialization. She is the author or co-author of more than seventy publications including books, articles and research monographs on topics ranging from long-term and cyclical patterns of female employment and wage differentials to discrimination and occupational segregation, fertility in Mediterranean countries, intra-household bargaining, care work and sex work. Her latest publications concern violence against women in relation to financial independence and the determinants of gender gaps in pension income in Europe.

She has a long record of consulting for the European Commission, culminating with the role of lead coordinator of successive networks of European experts supporting the work of the European Commission in matters of female labour market and gender equality (e.g. and