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869. Growth theory and the growth model perspective: Insights from the supermultiplier

Working Paper n.869 Dicembre 2021

Guilherme Spinato Morlin

PhD Student, DEPS, USiena

Nikolas Passos

Scuola Normale Superiore, Pisa

Riccardo Pariboni

DEPS, USiena

Abstract

Recently, demand-led growth theories reshaped the study of comparative political economy. Since the Baccaro and Pontusson critique of Varieties of Capitalism, a new wave of studies has sought to analyze national economies in terms of their main demand driver of growth. Post-Keynesian authors provided extensions to perfect the fit between demand-led growth theories and comparative political economy. We argue that the Sraffian supermultiplier provides a growth theory compatible with the growth model perspective advanced by Baccaro and Pontusson and has advantages over Kaleckian and New Keynesian approaches. The concept of the autonomous components of demand, which comprise government spending, export, and debt-financed consumption, is already central for the studies of growth models. The supermultiplier provides a theory that coherently understands the relation between the autonomous demand drivers and the other induced components of demand. We demonstrate our arguments by decomposing the growth of four advanced economies: the United States, Germany, Japan, and Sweden. The decomposition shows the importance of separating the autonomous from the induced components and highlights the relevance of public expenditures and exports as growth drivers in advanced economies.

Keywords

Comparative Political Economy, growth models, Sraffian supermultiplier

Jel Codes

B52, E12, O47, O57, P52.